1. – 15. sorularda, cümlede boş bırakılan yerlere
uygun düşen sözcük ya da ifadeyi bulunuz.
1. A strong ---- exists between a country’s wealth
and the freedom afforded its citizens.
A) coincidence B) correlation
C) consideration D) determination
2. Satellite television transmission now makes it ----
for us to watch events as they unfold in other
A) worldwide B) substantial
C) aware D) commonplace
3. Latin American countries on average export only
about 10 per cent of their products to other Latin
American countries but ---- 20 per cent of them to
A) almost B) fairly
C) respectively D) initially
4. Until the sixteenth century, when the first
international postal agreement was ----, there was
no postal system as we know it today.
A) assigned B) maintained C) enacted
D) seized E) conducted
5. There has been increasing pressure in the US to
---- the amount of funding allocated to foreign aid,
and instead, use the funds to improve the
A) make up for B) point out to C) keep up with
D) cut down on E) take up with
6. Many parts of rural America ---- to reflect the
values and traditions of the European immigrants
who ---- in the country during the nineteenth
A) continued / have arrived
B) have continued / would have arrived
C) continue / arrived
D) would have continued / were arriving
E) will continue / would arrive
7. With few exceptions, most totalitarian
governments ---- more liberal since 1989 when
the Berlin Wall ----.
A) became / falls
B) are becoming / would fall
C) were becoming / has fallen
D) had become / was falling
E) have become / fell
8. Of all the arts it ---- to classical music that
Germany ---- the greatest contribution.
A) had been / made
B) is / has made
C) has been / had made
D) was / will have made
E) might be / would have made
9. Severity of autism ranges ---- those who are mute
and have no functional behaviour ---- individuals
with high IQ scores.
A) into / among B) in / about
C) between / of D) through / for
E) from / to
10. Most companies would prefer to concentrate ----
domestic rather than foreign markets because of
their greater familiarity ---- their own
A) in / of B) on / with C) over / by
D) at / from E) for / to
11. Management must learn to determine market
conditions in the countries ---- it is doing
A) where B) what C) as for
D) of which E) so that
12. ---- the growth in e-mail and fax transmissions,
many communications are still best handled by
face-to-face or voice-to-voice contact.
A) Contrary to B) In spite of
C) By means of D) Since
E) As regards
13. ---- by making an internal analysis can a company
set the overall rationale for its international
A) Still B) While C) Only
D) Until E) Just as
14. ---- an organization depends on collaborative
arrangements, ---- likely it is to lose control over
A) Not only / but also B) Neither / nor
C) Either / or D) When / then
E) The more / the more
15. A corporation’s formulation of its international
strategy will greatly determine ---- it will benefit
more from protectionism or from some other
means for countering international competition.
A) so B) as C) unless
D) whether E) whereby
16. – 20. sorularda, aşağıdaki parçada numaralanmış
yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da
All hay fever sufferers will be aware of the pollen
“rain” that (16) ---- them in the spring and summer.
Pollen grains – the tiny male reproductive bodies of
flowering plants – have an almost (17) ---- outer shell
(exine) that can survive in certain sediments for tens
of thousands of years. In pollen analysis the exines
are extracted from the soil, studied under a
microscope, and identified (18) ---- the distinctive
exine shape and surface ornamentation of different
families and genera of plants. (19) ---- quantified,
these identifications are then plotted as curves on a
pollen diagram. Fluctuations in the curve (20) ----
each plant category may then be studied for signs of
climatic fluctuation, or forest clearance and cropplanting
A) should afflict B) can afflict
C) had afflicted D) would afflict
A) intense B) approachable
C) indestructible D) abundant
A) according to B) ahead of
C) with a view to D) on behalf of
E) in place of
A) Before B) Whenever C) While
D) Until E) Once
A) across B) on C) for
D) about E) at
21. – 25. sorularda, aşağıdaki parçada numaralanmış
yerlere uygun düşen sözcük ya da
Underwater archaeology is beginning to yield a
detailed picture of whaling undertaken by Basque
fishermen at Red Bay, Labrador, in the 16th century.
The Basques were at this time the largest suppliers
to Europe of whale oil – an important (21) ---- used
for lighting and in products such as soap. In 1977,
prompted by the discovery in Spanish archives that
Red Bay (22) ---- a prominent whaling centre,
Canadian archaeologist James A. Tuck began an
excavation on the island at the mouth of Red Bay
Harbour. Here he found remains of structures for
turning blubber (23) ---- whale oil. (24) ----, in 1978,
the nautical archaeologist Robert Grenier led a Parks
Canada team in search of the Basque galleon San
Juan, (25) ---- the archives said had sunk in the
harbour in 1565.
A) commodity B) refinement C) artifact
D) hardship E) settlement
A) would have been B) is
C) was going to be D) had been
E) will be
A) by B) about C) next to
D) upon E) into
A) On the contrary B) Frequently
C) Otherwise D) Subsequently
A) whose B) when C) whom
D) who E) which
26. – 35. sorularda, verilen cümleyi uygun
şekilde tamamlayan ifadeyi bulunuz.
26. Because energy production expends resources
and causes pollution, ----.
A) we depend upon nature to provide the basics of
life, such as food and oxygen
B) many resources are used once and then thrown
C) modern technical challenges are seldom met by
D) scientists and engineers must work to develop
E) engineers must solve problems without even
understanding the underlying theory
27. If only she had come up with some positive
A) the scheme certainly had very many drawbacks
B) nobody else is likely to complain
C) so far this is the best thesis to be submitted
D) the others will already have been rejected
E) I wouldn’t have minded her criticism of the
28. ---- while such African languages as Hausa and
Swahili continued to serve the everyday needs of
A) During the colonial era in Africa, English became
the shared language of the administration and a
B) In colonial Africa, the teaching of English
literature is no longer popular
C) Modern African writers have found it necessary
to adapt certain aspects of English,
D) Today, English is the official language of sixteen
countries in Africa,
E) English as a second language has been taught
in Africa for nearly four hundred years,
29. ---- but cannot be proved and is difficult to
A) The influence of Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary of
the English Language on the development of the
language has been widely assumed
B) Samuel Johnson’s Dictionary of the English
Language played a role in propagating a
standard spelling among the less literate
C) Samuel Johnson was an enthusiastic reader of
classical and English literature from his earliest
D) It took Samuel Johnson eight or nine years to
complete work on his Dictionary of the English
E) With his Dictionary of the English Language,
Samuel Johnson provided a powerful but
conservative model of language usage
30. Before the 21st century has run its course, ----.
A) the powers of computers have expanded vastly
due to advanced research
B) countless technologies not envisioned yet will be
available to us
C) a great deal of scientific effort is being made to
find solutions to complex problems
D) most people in developed countries enjoy a state
of true health throughout their lives
E) our knowledge of the world around us has
improved to a great extent
31. Smallpox was once a dreaded human disease,
A) while genetic engineering can be used in several
ways to make vaccines
B) although today DNA technology is helping
medical researchers develop vaccines
C) even if artificial-mutant vaccines may cause
fewer side effects than natural mutants
D) but it was eradicated worldwide in the 1970s by
E) since there has been no effective drug treatment
for many viral diseases
32. Neanderthals were a recent evolutionary human
A) who lived in Europe and became extinct 30,000-
40,000 years ago
B) as researchers studying human origins debated
this question for decades
C) which are muscular and robust, with a brain
similar to ours in size
D) while the relationship between humans and
Neanderthals may best be described as sister
E) despite the fact that they had hands as nimble
as those of present-day humans, with a thumb
33. The Welsh language has changed so little
through the centuries ----.
A) whose annual Eisteddfod celebration honours its
best poets and writers
B) that an educated Welshman can still read the
Welsh of the Middle Ages
C) as more and more English families settle in
Wales, bringing their habits with them
D) although Wales recently formed its own national
E) unless it embodies the kind, unambitious nature
of the Welsh people
34. By 1809, Sweden’s military power had waned to
such an extent ----.
A) as a new constitution transferred power from the
king to Parliament
B) so that it could no longer continue as a great
C) that the country was forced to surrender part of
its territory to Russia
D) in that nearly one million Swedes migrated,
mostly to America
E) even though the Swedes had contributed to
Europe’s Age of Enlightenment with advances in
35. Road and rail connections in Italy are generally
better in the north, ----.
A) because between the snowy peaks of the Alps
and the rugged shores of Sicily lies a whole
series of regions, each with its distinctive culture
B) but there are many other attractive historic towns
C) but people speak of two Italies: the rich industrial
North and the poorer agricultural South
D) just as the government has allocated extra funds
for road repairs
E) where Milan, Bologna and Verona are the key
36. – 40. sorularda, verilen İngilizce cümleye
anlamca en yakın Türkçe cümleyi bulunuz.
36. A person’s health history may reveal a disease
that interferes with the body’s use of nutrients or
that affects the person’s eating habits.
A) Kişinin sağlık öyküsü, yemek yemesini engelleyen
veya bedeninin besinlerden yararlanma sürecini
etkileyen bir hastalığı açığa çıkarmada kullanılabilir.
B) Kişinin sağlık öyküsü, bedenin besinlerden yararlanmasını
engelleyen veya kişinin yemek yeme
alışkanlıklarını etkileyen bir hastalığı açığa
C) İnsanın yemek yemesini engelleyen veya bedenin
besinlerden yararlanma sürecini etkileyen
hastalıklar, kişinin sağlık öyküsünden yararlanılarak
D) Bir kişinin sağlık öyküsünden, hem onun yemek
yeme alışkanlıklarını etkileyen hem de bedenin
besinlerden yararlanmasını engelleyen hastalıklar
E) Bedenin besinlerden yararlanma sürecini etkileyen
veya kişinin yemek yemesini engelleyen
hastalıkların çoğu, kişinin sağlık öyküsünden
37. As we learn from the works of many biologists in
the past, since sponges did not move from one
place to another, they were thought to be plants.
A) Geçmişteki pek çok biyoloğun, eserlerinde, süngerlerden
bitki olarak söz etmesinin nedeni, bu
canlıların bir yerden bir yere hareket etmemesidir.
B) Geçmişteki biyologların eserlerinden öğrendiğimiz
kadarıyla, süngerler bir yerden bir yere hareket
etmemeleri dolayısıyla bitkilerle aynı grupta
C) Geçmişteki pek çok biyoloğun eserlerinden öğrendiğimiz
kadarıyla, süngerler bir yerden bir
yere hareket etmediği için onların bitki olduğu
D) Geçmişte, süngerler, bir yerden bir yere hareket
etmedikleri için bitki olarak kabul edildiği halde,
pek çok biyolog bu görüşe eserlerinde yer vermemiştir.
E) Süngerler, bir yerden bir yere hareket etmedikleri
için, geçmişte bitki olarak sınıflanıyordu; fakat
birçok biyolog, eserlerinde bunun yanlış olduğunu
38. Overrun by the Austro-German armies in World
War I, Poland declared its independence on
November 11, 1918, and on June 20, 1919, was
recognized as an independent state by the Treaty
A) I. Dünya Savaşı’nda Avusturya-Alman orduları
tarafından işgal edilmiş olan Polonya, bağımsızlığını
11 Kasım 1918’de ilân etmiş olsa da
bağımsız bir devlet olarak tanınması, 20 Haziran
1919’da imzalanan Versailles Antlaşması’yla
B) Avusturya-Alman ordularınca I. Dünya Savaşı’nda
işgal edilmiş olan Polonya, 11 Kasım 1918’de
bağımsızlığını ilân etmiştir; ancak bir devlet olarak
bağımsızlığı Versailles Antlaşması’yla 20 Haziran
C) Polonya, I. Dünya Savaşı’nda Avusturya-Alman
ordularının işgaline uğrasa da 11 Kasım 1918’de
bağımsızlığını ilân etmiş ve bir devlet olarak
bağımsızlığı, 20 Haziran 1919’da Versailles
D) I. Dünya Savaşı sırasında Avusturya-Alman ordularının
işgaline uğrayan Polonya, Versailles
Antlaşması’na göre, bağımsızlığını 11 Kasım
1918’de ilân etmiş ve 20 Haziran 1919’da da
bağımsız bir devlet olarak tanınmıştır.
E) Avusturya-Alman ordularınca I. Dünya Savaşı’nda
işgal edilmiş olan Polonya, 11 Kasım 1918’de
bağımsızlığını ilân etmiş ve Versailles Antlaşması’yla
20 Haziran 1919’da bağımsız bir devlet olarak
39. James Joyce, whom Samuel Beckett knew in
Paris in the 1920s, had a great impact on
Beckett’s thinking regarding the art of writing.
A) Samuel Beckett’in 1920’lerde Paris’te tanıdığı
James Joyce’un, Beckett’in yazma sanatıyla ilgili
düşünceleri üzerinde büyük bir etkisi oldu.
B) James Joyce’un yazma sanatı konusundaki düşüncelerinden
çok etkilenen Samuel Beckett,
onu 1920’lerde Paris’te tanımıştı.
C) Samuel Beckett 1920’lerde James Joyce’la
Paris’te tanıştıktan sonra, yazma sanatı konusundaki
düşünceleri bir ölçüde değişti.
D) James Joyce 1920’lerde Paris’te tanıdığı Samuel
Beckett’in yazma sanatı konusundaki düşüncelerini
büyük ölçüde etkiledi.
E) 1920’lerde Paris’te yaşayan Samuel Beckett’in
yazma sanatı konusundaki düşünceleri James
Joyce sayesinde tamamıyla değişti.
40. When the Sirkeci train station went into service
on November 3, 1890, the waiting room was
heated with stoves brought from Austria and lit
by coal-gas lamps.
A) 3 Kasım 1890’da hizmete giren Sirkeci tren istasyonunun
hava gazı lambalarıyla aydınlatılan
bekleme salonu, çoğu Avusturya’dan ithal edilen
B) Sirkeci tren istasyonu 3 Kasım 1890’da hizmete
girdiğinde, bekleme salonu Avusturya’dan getirtilen
sobalarla ısıtılıyor ve hava gazı lambalarıyla
C) 3 Kasım 1890’da, bekleme salonu hava gazı
lambalarıyla aydınlatılan ve Avusturya’dan ithal
edilen sobalarla ısıtılan Sirkeci tren istasyonu
D) Sirkeci tren istasyonu 3 Kasım 1890’da hizmete
girdiğinde, hava gazı lambalarıyla aydınlatılan
bekleme salonunu ısıtmak için Avusturya’dan
soba ithal edilmişti.
E) Sirkeci tren istasyonunun Avusturya sobalarıyla
ısıtılan ve hava gazı lambalarıyla aydınlatılan
bekleme salonu, 3 Kasım 1890’da hizmete
41. – 45. sorularda, verilen Türkçe cümleye
anlamca en yakın İngilizce cümleyi bulunuz.
41. Kuzey İrlanda, Birleşik Krallığın ayrılmaz bir parçasıdır;
ancak, 1920’de İrlanda’nın Yönetimi
Yasası’na konmuş olan hükümlere göre, yarı
özerk bir yönetime sahiptir.
A) Northern Ireland constitutes a major part of the
United Kingdom even though, according to the
Government of Ireland Act of 1920, it is
B) According to the terms of the Government of
Ireland Act of 1920, Northern Ireland makes up a
significant part of the United Kingdom despite
the fact that its government is semi-autonomous.
C) Northern Ireland is an integral part of the United
Kingdom, but, in accordance with the provisions
made in 1920 in the Government of Ireland Act,
it has a semi-autonomous government.
D) Northern Ireland is regarded as an essential part
of the United Kingdom and, under the terms of
the Government of Ireland Act of 1920, is
administered by a semi-autonomous
E) According to the provisions made in the 1920
Government of Ireland Act, Northern Ireland,
which is an inseparable part of the United
Kingdom, has a semi-autonomous
42. Patara’da pek çok pansiyon ve birkaç görkemli
otel olmasına rağmen, geleneksel köy yaşamı
hâlâ devam etmektedir.
A) Patara boasts various pensions and a number of
magnificent hotels even though village life
continues here in a traditional way.
B) Despite a number of pensions and some
excellent hotels, Patara is still a village which
has a traditional way of life.
C) Though a village where traditional life still goes
on, Patara has a great number of pensions and
several luxurious hotels.
D) Although in Patara there are many pensions and
a few splendid hotels, traditional village life still
E) Patara, which has several pensions but few nice
hotels, is just a village where life goes on in a
43. On altıncı yüzyılın ilk yarısında Fransa kralı olan
I. François, ülkesini Avrupa’da önde gelen bir güç
yapmayı düşlemiş, ancak Avusturya imparatoru
V. Charles tarafından engellenmiştir.
A) The French king François I, who had the dream
of making his country Europe’s dominant power
in the first half of the sixteenth century, was
opposed by the Austrian emperor Charles V.
B) François I, the king of France in the first half of
the sixteenth century, dreamt of making his
country a leading power in Europe but was
prevented by Charles V, emperor of Austria.
C) Charles V, the emperor of Austria, stood up
against François I, the king of France, who
dreamt of making his country a major European
power in the first half of the sixteenth century.
D) François I, the king of France, had the dream of
turning his country into the chief European
power in the first half of the sixteenth century
although he was opposed by Charles V, emperor
E) The king of France in the first half of the
sixteenth century, François I, dreamt of making
his country one of the major powers in Europe
but was dissuaded by the Austrian emperor
44. On dokuzuncu yüzyılın sonlarında X ışınları keşfedildiğinde,
bilim adamları benzer tür başka ışınlar
bulmak için hemen yoğun araştırmalara giriştiler.
A) It was in the late nineteenth century that,
following the discovery of X-rays, scientists
suddenly embarked on a serious research
programme to trace various other similar rays.
B) Following the discovery of X-rays in the
nineteenth century, comprehensive research
was soon undertaken by scientists in order to
detect other rays of the same kind.
C) Towards the end of the nineteenth century, when
X-rays were discovered, scientists were already
involved in extensive research in order to study
other kinds of rays.
D) The discovery of X-rays in the late nineteenth
century motivated scientists to carry out
exhaustive research in order to detect other
types of rays.
E) When X-rays were discovered in the late
nineteenth century, scientists immediately set
out on intensive research to find other similar
types of rays.
45. Roma İmparatorluğu’nun yıkılışından sonra, İmparatorluğun
bir parçası olan Avusturya, Slav kökenli
çeşitli milletlerce istila edilmiştir.
A) Following the fall of the Roman Empire, Austria,
which had constituted part of the Empire, was
settled by different peoples of Slavic origin.
B) In the aftermath of the fall of the Roman Empire,
Austria, which had been one of the regions of
the Empire, was overrun by a number of
originally Slavic peoples.
C) Soon after the fall of the Roman Empire, Austria,
which had been a region of the Empire, was
conquered by various nations, mostly of Slavic
D) After the fall of the Roman Empire, Austria,
which had been a part of the Empire, was
invaded by various nations of Slavic origin.
E) When the Roman Empire fell, a number of
nations of Slavic origin had already invaded
Austria, which was part of the Empire.
46. – 51. sorularda, boş bırakılan yere, parçanın
anlam bütünlüğünü sağlamak için getirilebilecek
46. Many professions, such as law, rely almost
exclusively on the written and oral word.
Although engineers also must write and speak
well, this alone is insufficient to convey complex
engineering information. For this, graphical or
visual communication is required. ---- In addition,
it can provide readers with insight they can
obtain through no other means.
A) On the contrary, tables are useful for presenting
B) As a matter of fact, graphs are prepared from
C) A well-prepared graph can accurately
communicate a great deal of information in just a
D) However, a wide variety of graphs are available
to help visualize data.
E) Nevertheless, graphs should have a descriptive
47. Compared to its Balkan neighbours, Greece is a
wealthy country, but it remains one of the poorer
members of the European Union. ----
Nevertheless, with a nominally capitalist
orientation, it has overcome its resemblance to
pre-1989 Eastern Europe. Loss-making state
enterprises have been sold off, and inflation and
interest rates have fallen. However,
unemployment remains high.
A) It is still a developing economy, with the
agriculture and service sectors accounting for
two-thirds of its GNP.
B) Still, the Greek islands attract thousands of
tourists, many of whom come simply to enjoy the
sun and sand and the relaxed pace of life.
C) Accordingly, it now seems poised to become a
significant regional power.
D) Furthermore, it has one of the lowest birth rates
E) Yet family life and social life are usually one and
the same, and tend to revolve around eating out.
48. Headaches are among the most common medical
problems. Some people have headaches often,
while others hardly ever have them. ---- However,
a change in the pattern or nature of headaches
could signal a serious problem and calls for
prompt medical attention.
A) In addition to drugs, which are enormously
beneficial in treating diseases, many other
treatments can help relieve pain.
B) In general, though headaches may be painful
and distressing, they rarely reflect a serious
C) Pain is an unpleasant sensation signalling that
the body is damaged or threatened with an
D) On the contrary, high blood pressure may
produce a throbbing sensation in the head.
E) Actually, pain begins in and around the eyes and
begins to affect the whole head.
49. Elizabeth Barrett Browning, who was to become
Victorian England’s most famous woman poet in
the nineteenth century, received an unusual
education for a woman of her time. Availing
herself of her brother’s tutor, she studied Latin
and Greek. ---- But as her intellectual and literary
powers matured, her personal life became
increasingly undermined by ill health. Although,
by the age of thirty-nine, she was a prominent
woman of letters, she continued to live in semiseclusion
as an invalid in her father’s house,
where she occasionally received visitors.
A) In her later poems, in which she took up the
cause of Italian nationalism, she was mostly
concerned with the political issues of her time.
B) Once in Italy, she regained much health and
strength, bearing and raising a son, to whom she
was ardently devoted.
C) Hence, in her early work, she tended to use the
visionary modes of Romantic narrative poetry.
D) Moreover, she read voraciously in history,
philosophy and literature and began to write
poetry from an early age.
E) However, her work fell into disrepute with the
modernist reaction against the didacticism and
rhetorical excess of Victorian poetry.
50. The human body changes in many noticeable
ways with age. Perhaps the first sign of aging
occurs when the eye cannot focus easily on
close objects. Often by age 40 or so, many
people find it difficult to read without using
glasses. ---- People tend to lose some ability to
hear the highest pitched tones. Therefore, older
people may find that violin music no longer
sounds as exciting as it did when they were
A) Hearing loss may be caused by a mechanical
problem in the ear canal or middle ear that
blocks the conduction of sound.
B) Some hearing tests can detect disorders in the
auditory processing areas of the brain.
C) Neural hearing loss may be caused by brain
tumours that also damage nearby nerves and
the brain stem.
D) People who can’t hear well enough may need
hearing aids that keep the volume of sound at a
E) Hearing also changes with age.
51. At the beginning of the 1990s, it seemed to all
appearances that the US comprehensively
dominated global affairs. ---- Thus, it was
described as “the lonely superpower”. However,
that said, the 1990s proved to be a decade of
uncertainty and questioning for many Americans.
In broad terms, the challenges of the post-Cold
War era were as demanding for the US as they
were for other countries.
A) In many respects, the ending of the Cold War
was expected to usher in a period of profound
B) The debates about US foreign policy in the post-
Cold War period have been shaped by the
impact of world events.
C) One of the most frequently used images of US
foreign-policy making has been that of contest
D) Indeed, the US has always found it difficult to
reconcile the issue of world order with national
E) It occupied a pre-eminent position in terms of
military power, technology and global economic
52. – 57. sorularda, verilen durumda söylenmiş
olabilecek sözü bulunuz.
52. You are interviewing someone for a job. You
don’t think the applicant has the right
qualifications or even the right character for the
position. However, you decide to give him the
chance to further explain his talents. You say:
A) If you would like to ask any questions you may
B) This job starts at a low salary, but there is the
possibility of promotion.
C) You do realize, don’t you, that you will
sometimes be required to work at weekends?
D) What makes you think you are the best
candidate for this job?
E) Have you applied elsewhere for a job?
53. You are at the airport in a foreign city. You want
to hire a taxi to take you to your hotel, but first
you want to find out the fare so that the taxi
driver can’t overcharge you. You say to the taxistand
A) It’s very expensive to take a taxi these days, isn’t
B) I’m sorry to disturb you, but is there a taxi
available to take me to the Smith Hotel?
C) Excuse me, could you please tell me
approximately how much it will cost me to go to
the Smith Hotel?
D) Why aren’t there any taxis waiting?
E) I think I’ll rent a car instead of taking a taxi.
Where are the rental offices?
54. Your director at work has offered you a
promotion. You don’t want to take the position
even though there would be a large pay increase,
because it would involve moving your family to
another city. You go to the director and say:
A) What do you think I should do?
B) Thank you for considering me for this position,
but I’ve decided I’d rather stay where I am for
C) Could you give me a week to think it over?
D) How much would my salary increase were I to
take this promotion?
E) I’ll take the position only if I can find a good job
for my wife and good schools for my children.
55. You are hosting a dinner party in your home and
want to offer your guests a chance to sit and talk
before they come to the table to eat. As your
guests arrive, you say:
A) Won’t you come into the living room to have
something to drink and chat before we eat?
B) I hope that you like lamb – it’s the main dish
C) Welcome! Thank you so much for coming.
D) Let’s sit down to eat right away. The food’s
E) Can I take your coats for you?
56. You turn on the television to watch your favourite
programme, only to discover that it had been rescheduled
and shown the previous evening.
Since you have missed the programme, you are
angry and say:
A) Let me see what programmes they have tonight.
B) So at what time will the programme be on next
C) Oh well, now I have extra time to get caught up
on my e-mail.
D) They’ve no right to make changes without first
E) I’m thinking of buying a new television.
57. You are in a subway train on your way to visit a
friend who is in hospital. You aren’t sure which
stop to get off at, so you say to another
A) Which stop are you getting off at?
B) Is it far to walk to Central Hospital after I get off?
C) Do you know which stop is the closest to Central
D) This train runs very deep underground, doesn’t
E) You need the train going in the opposite
direction, don’t you?
58. – 63. sorularda, cümleler sırasıyla okunduğunda
parçanın anlam bütünlüğünü bozan
58. (I) Science is systematic because of the attention it
gives to organizing knowledge and making it readily
accessible to all who wish to build on its foundation.
(II) If the results support the hypothesis, the scientist
may use them to generate related hypotheses. (III) In
this way science is both a personal and a social
endeavour. (IV) In other words, it is beneficial both to
the individual and to society at large. (V) Moreover,
science contributes a great deal to the improvement
and the quality of human life.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
59. (I) As people age, the amount of water in the body
decreases. (II) Since many drugs dissolve in water,
and since less water is available to dilute them, these
drugs reach higher levels of concentration in the
elderly. (III) Also, the kidneys are less able to excrete
drugs into the urine, and the liver is less able to
metabolize many drugs. (IV) For these reasons,
many drugs tend to stay in an elderly person’s body
much longer than they would in a younger person’s
body. (V) People in every civilization in recorded
history have used drugs of plant and animal origin to
prevent and treat disease.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
60. (I) Many Romantic writers in Europe were
preoccupied with the fact and idea of revolution.
(II) For instance, in the early period of the French
Revolution, all the leading English Romantics were in
sympathy with it. (III) In fact, they were among its
most fervent adherents. (IV) Through the greater part
of the eighteenth century, man had been viewed as a
limited being in a strictly ordered and essentially
unchanging world. (V) Later, even after the first
enthusiastic expectations had been disappointed by
the events in France, the younger writers felt that its
example still constituted humanity’s best hope.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
61. (I) Modern Bergama is a sleepy agricultural market
town in the midst of a well-watered plain. (II) There
has been a town here since Trojan times. (III) Of
Bergama’s four main tourist attractions, only the
museum is in the centre of the town. (IV) However, it
was during the period between Alexander the Great
and the Roman domination that Bergama, then called
Pergamum, enjoyed its greatest prosperity. (V) At
that time, it became one of the Middle East’s richest
and most powerful small kingdoms.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
62. (I) Seismic waves are the vibrations from
earthquakes that travel through Earth. (II) The
Richter magnitude scale was developed in 1935 by
Charles F. Richter of the California Institute of
Technology to compare the intensity of earthquakes.
(III) They are recorded on instruments called
seismographs. (IV) Seismographs record a zigzag
trace that shows the varying amplitude of ground
oscillations beneath the instrument. (V) Sensitive
seismographs, which greatly magnify these ground
movements, can detect strong earthquakes from
sources anywhere in the world.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
63. (I) In the fall of 2000 and the winter of 2001, Britain
was beset by a series of problems. (II) In September
2000, rising oil prices prompted protests by truck
drivers and farmers who demanded a reduction in the
fuel tax. (III) In November 2000, a series of unusually
severe rainstorms and tornadoes caused high
flooding and killed 12 people. (IV) In June 2001, Blair
won a second landslide victory, with the Labour Party
capturing 413 seats in Parliament. (V) In February
2001, foot-and-mouth disease broke out among
British livestock, prompting other countries to ban
British meat import and forcing the slaughter of
thousands of cattle, pigs and sheep.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
64. – 69. sorularda, verilen cümleye anlamca
en yakın olan cümleyi bulunuz.
64. Visitors to the country are often struck by the
warmth and hospitality of its people.
A) The inhabitants of the country are quite
courteous and kind, which is why so many
people want to visit there.
B) What always amazes the natives of the country
is the graciousness and geniality of the travellers
C) The thing about the people visiting the country is
that they dislike being surprised.
D) The friendliness and generosity of the country’s
inhabitants frequently impress tourists.
E) The country’s natives are especially friendly and
helpful to tourists, which greatly surprised us all.
65. Today we are more prosperous and have better
relationships across the generations than ever
A) I think people today have more money than they
used to, but inter-generational relationships have
suffered as a consequence.
B) In the past there used to be more prosperity and
better inter-generational communication.
C) People these days are better off financially and
there is better communication between different
age groups than at any time in the past.
D) These days we are better at establishing trust
between people than we used to be, although
we may lack financial resources.
E) Nowadays people think that relationships and
trust between generations are more important
66. On seeing the new shopping centre for the first
time I wondered whether it would succeed, with
all the other shops already in the neighbourhood.
A) I’m sure the new shopping centre will make a
profit, because it is much nicer than the other
B) Because there were already many shops in the
area, when I first noticed it I wasn’t sure if the
new shopping centre would do well.
C) Due to the lack of shops in the area, I couldn’t
understand why the new shopping centre wasn’t
successful from the beginning.
D) There are quite a few shops in the
neighbourhood, so the new shopping centre will
face stiff competition.
E) I don’t know why they built a new shopping
centre in our neighbourhood; there was certainly
no need for one.
67. A recent survey regarding new engineering
graduates revealed that these graduates lack
A) New engineering graduates are not as good at
communicating as their predecessors, according
to the results of a recent survey.
B) A deficiency in communicative skills was the
most common complaint about new engineering
graduates, according to a recent survey.
C) The fact that recent engineering graduates do
not have the ability to make themselves
understood was made clear by a new survey.
D) The results of a new survey on engineering
graduates suggest that the most recent of these
graduates are only average communicators.
E) Good communication skills were rated in a
recent survey as the most sought-after quality in
new engineering graduates.
68. Until recently people felt that Nigerian ministers
were being too optimistic, but there is now no
question that the country’s financial position is
growing steadily stronger.
A) It is now clear that Nigeria’s economy is in a
strong upward cycle but previously people
doubted the hopeful attitude of Nigerian
B) Nigerian ministers today have no apprehensions
about their country’s financial status, as it is plain
that it is constantly getting better.
C) In the past, even though Nigeria’s economic
status was constantly improving, people were
often mistrustful of its ministers’ confident views.
D) Though Nigerian ministers were previously
sceptical of positive ideas about their country’s
financial status, it has become obvious that its
economy is advancing day by day.
E) Today we see that Nigeria is progressing
economically, but in the recent past, this was not
the case and economists were wary of the
optimistic views of its leaders.
69. It’s only now that she understands how unhappy
she was during her twenties.
A) Despite the fact that her twenties were not a
happy time for her, she now understands how to
B) What makes her regretful is that, in her twenties,
she could not be happy at all.
C) Having been unhappy during her twenties, she is
now a very understanding person.
D) She was terribly unhappy during her twenties,
but she has only just realized it.
E) She now realizes that she must come to terms
with the unhappiness she faced in her twenties.
70. – 75. sorularda, karşılıklı konuşmanın boş
bırakılan kısmını tamamlayabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz.
70. Cheryl :
- Did Michelle tell you what happened to her on
her vacation in Thailand?
- Yes, that’s it. She’d booked a hotel room online,
and when she arrived the hotel was full.
She had to spend four hours in the rain trying
to find another place to stay.
A) When did she return from her trip?
B) She told me all about it.
C) No; what happened?
D) Thailand? I thought she went to Indonesia for
E) Wasn’t it something to do with her hotel
71. Jeff :
- Are there considerable cultural differences in
the way business is conducted between China
and Western countries?
- Oh yes, there are many differences and you
have to be aware of these if you want to
succeed in China.
- Well, in Western-style business, we focus on
the deal, the possibilities and the risks. In
China, top businessmen spend a good deal of
time exploring what sort of person you are.
Your character is more important than what you
A) What sort of differences?
B) Have you ever done business in China?
C) How does one go about making business
D) What are the advantages of doing business in
E) Which regions of China are the best for making
72. Carol :
- People appreciate the extraordinary beauty of
butterflies, but their colours and shapes might
also be functional, mightn’t they?
- I’ve really no idea. In what way?
- Really? That’s interesting.
A) This specific chapter is on the evolution of
patterns on the wings of butterflies.
B) For instance, the markings that resemble eyes
on butterflies may help them startle predators
and then escape from them.
C) This has to do with genetics. One should try to
learn more about it.
D) This book gives examples of all of this and more.
E) Some dark forms of swallowtail butterflies mimic
unrelated inedible species. Is that what you are
73. Helen :
- I think forensics programmes on TV are giving
a distorted view of what forensic science can or
- But they do. Some attorneys think that these
forensics programmes can affect the jurors’
demands and decisions.
A) I think most people are responsible enough not
to be affected.
B) You do? In what way?
C) Do you actually watch those programmes?
D) Oh, come on. People don’t take those
E) What’s on TV this evening?
74. Meghan :
- Did you know that the government will reduce
the amount of taxes you have to pay this year if
your baby is born on or before December 31st?
- Well, mine’s due on December 27th.
- Me too. I could really use a bit of extra money
for the baby’s things.
A) Well, I hope it’s not born after the deadline.
B) Oh no, you might miss the deadline if it’s
C) How nice to have a baby born around the New
D) What does your daughter think about having a
new little brother or sister?
E) Well, that’s all right, then.
75. James :
- Are you planning to attend any of the plays at
the Shakespeare festival this year?
- One critic, Harold Bloom, says that it’s because
he teaches us more about ourselves than any
- That could be the reason.
A) I’d like to, but I’m not sure I’ll have time. Why do
B) No, but did you know that he wasn’t really
respected by the public during his own lifetime?
It was only a hundred years later that he was
C) I’m planning to see all of them. In fact, I’ve
already bought a season ticket.
D) Do you know, Shakespeare’s really not my
E) Yes, of course. I wonder what it is that makes his
plays so popular, year after year.
76. – 80. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre
Unlike the older forms of occultism, such as magic
and astrology, organized occultism is a modern
phenomenon. Few of the various organized occult
movements have existed for more than 150 years;
some were formed as a belated countermovement to
the Enlightenment, when people began to follow
rational schools of thought. Today’s occult views are
based on the idea that there are events within nature,
as well as within one’s spiritual life, which seem
mysterious and cannot be explained by science.
Examples include extrasensory perceptions such as
telepathy and telekinesis, and haunted places or
people. Believers maintain that these phenomena
stem from unknown powers that can often be
accessed only by some people with special abilities.
76. We understand from the passage that adherents
of occultism claim that certain people ----.
A) have extraordinary talents that allow them to
have contact with the unknown
B) practise magic and explain events by means of
C) were the pioneers of the anti-Enlightenment
movements in the eighteenth and nineteenth
D) can tell us what places are haunted and why
E) can teach others what extrasensory perceptions
77. According to the passage, some of the organized
occult movements in the past came into being
A) as a result of various magical and astrological
B) since people in the past were seriously
concerned about their extrasensory perceptions
C) because the public was not satisfied with
scientific explanations of events in nature
D) due to the assumption that many phenomena in
nature were related to man’s spiritual life
E) in reaction to the rational thinking style that
characterized the Enlightenment
78. As we learn from the passage, occult practices in
our time ----.
A) are particularly widespread among people who
follow rational schools of thought
B) have mostly focused on the mysteries of
telepathy and telekinesis
C) essentially stem from the occult movements of
D) are concerned with phenomena which are
thought to be scientifically inexplicable
E) seem to benefit from science in explaining
79. It is implied in the passage that magic and
A) have failed as occult practices in explaining
B) are forms of occultism which can be traced back
into the past
C) lost their significance with the rise of rationalism
during the Enlightenment
D) did not exist as occult practices prior to the
E) have always been used in order to communicate
with unknown powers
80. It is obvious from the passage that occultism ----.
A) contributes enormously to a more
comprehensive understanding of nature
B) has gained far more popularity in modern times
than in the past
C) is an unscientific practice that doesn’t rely on
D) can fully explain the spiritual side of humanity
E) derives a great deal from magic and astrology
81. – 85. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre
The assumption that a person’s attitudes determine
his or her behaviour is deeply ingrained in Western
thinking, and in many instances the assumption
holds. However, research has shown that the
relationship between attitudes and behaviour is
complex. A classic study conducted during the 1930s
was the first to question the link. A white professor
travelled across the US with a young Chinese
couple. At that time, there was quite strong prejudice
against Asians, and there were no laws against racial
discrimination. The three travellers stopped at over
200 hotels, motels and restaurants, and were served
at all the restaurants and all but one of the hotels and
motels without problem. Later, a letter was sent to all
of the establishments visited, asking them whether or
not they would accept a Chinese couple as guests.
Of the 128 replies received, 92 per cent said they
would not. In other words, these proprietors
expressed attitudes that were much more prejudiced
than their behaviour.
81. One understands from the passage that the link
between attitudes and behaviour ----.
A) had already been established before the 1930s
B) has always been a major topic of psychological
C) has aroused a great deal of controversy in the
D) is an area which has been neglected and,
indeed, deserves fresh study
E) is not so definite as has been generally assumed
82. As one concludes from the passage, racial
A) is the way whereby the relationship between
attitudes and behaviour can best be assessed
B) has always been a major issue in the US and
cannot be eradicated
C) was a problem of the 1930s in the US, but has
now disappeared altogether
D) in the US and the rest of the world can be fought
most effectively through legislation
E) was not practised by a great majority of the
proprietors visited by the professor and his
83. It is pointed out in the passage that, during their
travels, the professor and the Chinese couple ----.
A) were often harassed by the proprietors
B) were doing research to find out whether a
person’s behaviour affects his or her attitudes
C) encountered discriminatory behaviour only on
D) were not upset at all by the proprietors’ racist
E) were extremely surprised by the proprietors’
prejudice against them
84. The point has been made in the passage that the
American people ----.
A) have always been remarkably hospitable to
Asians visiting America
B) in the 1930s really did dislike Asians
C) have waged war against racial discrimination
since the 1930s
D) and the Asians have always discriminated
against each other
E) always do their best to provide comfort for their
guests, no matter what their racial background
85. It is clear from the passage that the replies the
professor received from the proprietors to whom
he sent letters ----.
A) revealed a strong attitude of racial discrimination
against the Chinese
B) could not be regarded as an indication of
prevalent racism in the US
C) were not concerned with the interrelationship
between one’s attitudes and behaviour
D) were confined only to a very small part of the US
E) clearly showed why one’s attitudes determine
86. – 90. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre
When you stay as a guest in someone’s house, you
give up your anonymity. This becomes quite a
challenge if you are the kind of person who cherishes
independence. However, when you and your host
are on the same wavelength, you can have a trip
more special than money can buy. Some years ago
when I went to Auckland, New Zealand, for the first
time, my hosts were a couple, about my age, whom I
had met while travelling in Europe. They had a full
programme lined up for me. They drove me around
and showed me their favourite hot springs and also
the beach where a popular TV series had once been
filmed. At mealtimes, they introduced me to their
favourite restaurants, where I sampled cheeses from
south New Zealand that don’t get exported, and fruits
grown locally. Normally such a tight schedule would
make me nervous, but I found myself happily
relinquishing control to my hosts, who truly
understood the pleasures of their native country and
enjoyed sharing them. I couldn’t have encountered
this New Zealand on my own.
86. As we understand from the passage, the narrator
A) was a person who shamelessly exploited the
B) expected his hosts to meet all the expenses of
his sightseeing in and around Auckland
C) and his hosts had similar tastes and interests,
which made his trip most enjoyable
D) was more interested in eating than visiting
E) enjoyed the beginning of the holiday but not the
87. It is suggested in the passage that a person with
a sense of independence ----.
A) enjoys travelling together with other people
B) can make friends easily while travelling
C) soon mixes with other people
D) wants to be led around by friends who know the
E) usually prefers to be anonymous when he or she
88. According to the passage, while the narrator was
in New Zealand, he ----.
A) tried to find ways whereby he could travel
B) had the opportunity to taste the native produce
unique to the country
C) was frustrated with the programme prepared for
him by his hosts
D) was particularly attracted by the location of a
popular TV series
E) did not have enough money to see the other
parts of the country outside Auckland
89. It is pointed out in the passage that the narrator
and his hosts ----.
A) knew each other before he travelled to New
B) had made a long journey together across many
C) spent a fortune to experience the pleasures of
D) were genuinely interested in sampling a large
variety of New Zealand’s food and drinks
E) were independent people who preferred to be on
90. It is implied in the passage that the narrator
usually likes ----.
A) local food more than nationally popular food
B) to be in New Zealand rather than in Europe or
C) to follow a full programme on his travels
D) to see his travels as a challenge
E) to travel in a relaxed and leisurely way
91. – 95. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre
In Finland now, everything is all right. Fifteen years
after one of the worst recessions any European
country has seen, triggered by the collapse of the
Soviet Union, the Finns feel very content. Their small
country of a population of 5 million is the first in the
World Economic Forum’s list of the world’s most
competitive countries, and the second in its
business-competitiveness index. It is also the first in
the OECD’s world ranking of educational
performance and has the second-highest share of
research-and-development spending in the European
Union. Moreover, the country is reversing its
demographic decline and, hence, its fertility rate is
one of the highest in Europe. Perhaps best of all the
Finns are facing globalization without paranoia.
Theirs is one of the few European countries to have
succeeded in businesses in which international
prices are falling because of global competition and
technological change. In most of Europe public
opinion and even business élites seem gloomily
resigned to being overwhelmed by India and China.
Finland suggests that this fate is not inevitable.
91. We learn from the passage that, in addition to
Finland’s recent economic success, ----.
A) it is also a popular tourist destination
B) it is resigned to being overwhelmed by India
C) it also ranks very high in education
D) it remains in a deep recession
E) its businesses are not globally competitive
92. It is clear from the passage that Finland’s
previously weak economy ----.
A) was caused by the collapse of the Soviet Union
B) had no effect on the country’s standing in the
World Economic Forum
C) caused the country to spend more on research
D) improved dramatically fifteen years ago
E) became stronger after it began to reverse its
93. We understand from the passage that Finland’s
A) resents outside interference in its economy
B) is becoming one of the highest in Europe
C) is an extremely competitive one when it comes
to internal trade
D) is now increasing due to a higher birth rate
E) is not well-educated by European standards
94. We see from the passage that Finland’s economy
A) is by far the strongest in the world
B) remains unaffected by technological change
C) is still undergoing the effects of the fall of the
D) has had a direct effect on its fertility rate
E) hasn’t always been stable
95. According to the passage, one indicator of
Finland’s economic success is its ----.
A) experience with recession
B) high ranking within the World Economic Forum
C) paranoia regarding globalization
D) small population
E) public opinion regarding China
96. – 100. soruları aşağıdaki parçaya göre
Until the giant American energy company Enron
collapsed, and its director Kenneth Lay was
imprisoned, his life had been a model of the
American dream of rising from rags to riches on the
strength of merit and hard work. His beginnings were
socially and financially very modest. He was born in
Tyrone, Missouri, in 1942, as the son of a preacher
who was also a part-time salesman. He helped his
father make ends meet by cutting grass and
delivering papers. His start in the energy industry
seemed similarly modest. After obtaining a doctoral
degree in economics from the University of Houston,
he got his start in the booming Texan oil industry. In
1985 he merged Houston Natural Gas with
InterNorth of Nebraska in order to form Enron. As
Enron became stronger, Mr Lay turned increasingly
to politics and was one of the biggest donors to the
Bush-Cheney campaign. After Mr Bush entered the
White House, Mr Lay had hopes of a seat in the
cabinet, perhaps as energy secretary or even at the
Treasury. However, for reasons that remain unclear,
Mr Bush overlooked him, so his professional life
ended in frustration.
96. According to the passage, after Mr Bush was
elected president of the US, Kenneth Lay ----.
A) turned increasingly to politics
B) became involved in the Texan oil industry
C) was not offered a cabinet seat
D) obtained a doctoral degree from the University of
E) dissolved Enron, the company he had created
97. It is clear from the passage that the giant
American energy company Enron was founded
A) Kenneth Lay’s increasing interest in politics
B) Kenneth Lay’s dream of rising from rags to
C) the fact that Kenneth Lay had been imprisoned
D) Kenneth Lay’s modest beginnings as the son of
a preacher and part-time salesman
E) the merging of two companies: Houston Natural
Gas and InterNorth
98. We understand from the passage that, when
Kenneth Lay was a child, he ----.
A) worked as a part-time salesman together with
B) wanted to become a preacher like his father
C) moved with his family from Tyrone, Missouri, to
D) contributed to his family’s income by working at
E) dreamed of becoming an oil tycoon
99. We can infer from the passage that Kenneth Lay
expected Mr Bush to offer him a high position in
his administration because Mr Lay ----.
A) had contributed a very large amount of money to
Mr Bush’s presidential campaign
B) was an important player in the Texan oil industry
C) was frustrated with his political life
D) had obtained a high level of education, and was
therefore quite knowledgeable
E) had become very rich through his hard work
100. We see from the passage that Kenneth Lay’s
imprisonment was ----.
A) the result of his involvement in the Bush-Cheney
B) a miscarriage of justice
C) due to a crime he had committed while studying
at the University of Houston
D) carried out despite the fact that he was a good
friend of President Bush
E) implemented at around the same time that
Enron, the company he had founded, collapsed
12 KASIM 2006